The Durmitor National Park
This breathtaking Durmitor National Park is full of glaciers and is traversed by rivers and underground streams. Along the Tara river canyon, which has the deepest gorges in Europe, the dense pine forests are interspersed with clear lakes and harbour a wide range of endemic flora. There are beatuifull landscapes and unique nature.
The Durmitor National Park, created in 1952 and it comprise of the massif of Durmitor, the canyons of Tara, Sušica and Draga rivers and the higher part of the canyon plateau Komarnica, covering the area of 390 km². The Durmitor massif offers about 18 lakes, 5 canyons, 27 peaks above 2200 meters, 48 peaks above 2000 meters, 748 sources of potable waters, forests over 500 years old, 2000 km of marked foot paths and climbing paths.
The area and the mountain was the location of the Battle of the Sutjeska in 1943 in World War II, when the Germans and Italians pursued Tito’s Partisans. There is a monument commemorating the battle in Tjentište. Durmitor mountain is the centre of Montenegrin mountain tourism. The tourist facilities are concentrated around the town of Žabljak. During the winter, main activities on Durmitor are skiing and, increasingly, snowboarding.
In the summer, the activities shift to mountaineering and recreational tourism. One of the most prominent attraction of Durmitor mountain are 18 glacial lakes, best known being Crno Lake. The entrance fee for the park is 2,00 euro. Camping fee for a small tent 3,00 euro per night and for a big one 5,00 euro. A daily sports fishing permit costs 20,00 euro.
The Tara Canyon
The Tara River Canyon is also known as the Tara River Gorge, is the longest canyon in Montenegro and Europe and the second-longest in the world. It is 82 kilometers long and is 1,300 meters at its deepest. The canyon is protected as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and is a part of Durmitor national park.
The Tara River cuts through the canyon. There are rocky and pebbly terraces, sandy beaches, high cliffs, and more than 80 large caves along the canyon. The canyon is part of the Tara River rafting route. The one day rafting route, from Brstnovica to Scepan Polje is 18km long and it takes 2 to 3 hours. This part of the canyon is the most exciting because the river has the biggest drop in elevation in the shortest length.
Durmitor National Park is known for his rich flora. In Durmitor’s territory including the Tara and Piva canyons there are 1,325 species indentified and classified in 484 genera and 129 families. In these 1,325 species there are 122 endemic species.
And some of these can be only be found in the Durmitor park. The lower part of Durmitor mass is covered with conifer wood (juniper bush, fir tree and white pine tree) and deciduous trees. The valleys are covered with rich pastures.
The fauna of durmitor exist out of typically northern dinaric characteristics.The bigger animals are deers, wolves, lynx and bears. The smaller ones are weasels, squirls, otters and hermelins. The park is also well know for the large diversity of bird species.
In Durmitor, including the canyon of the Tara river, there are 163 bird species and almost all species are protected. Because the presence of the rivers Tara and Piva there can be also be found a number of fishes, mostly from the Salmonidae family. Amphibians and reptiles can be found too.
The Durmitor National Park comprises of over 200 ancient caves. The most notable of all is the Ledina Pecina, at 2.100 Meters at Globa Glava. Famous for his frozen stalagmites that can grow up to 3 meters. The deepest caves of Montenegro can be found here too.
Tags: adventure, beatuifull landscapes, canyon plateau Komarnica, canyons of Tara, Durmitor National Park, glaciers, longest canyon in Montenegro, massif of Durmitor, mountaineering, Sušica and Draga river, Tara Canyon, World Heritage List
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